The Ethiopian government on Thursday accused Tigrayan rebels of lacking any interest in peace talks to try to end the devastating 21-month war in the north of the country.
Both Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed‘s government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) have in recent weeks raised the prospect of negotiations but key hurdles remain, with both sides blaming each other for the impasse.
Abiy’s spokeswoman Billene Seyoum said Thursday the government was continuing to call for a peaceful resolution of the conflict “despite there being not a shred of interest for peace by TPLF.”
“If TPLF genuinely care for the wellbeing of Ethiopians in the Tigray region they should… sit for talks instead of looking for excuses to avoid peace,” she told reporters in English.
The warring sides are at loggerheads over who should lead any negotiations, and the TPLF also insists basic services must be restored to the region of six million people before dialogue can begin.
But Billene retorted: “The issue of restoration of services comes up again and again as if there is an on and off switch.”
The war which erupted in November 2020 has left Tigray facing desperate food shortages and without access to basic services such as electricity, communications and banking.
Untold numbers of people have been killed and millions are in need of humanitarian assistance in Tigray and the neighboring regions of Afar and Amhara.
On Wednesday, a government committee had called for a formal ceasefire to enable the resumption of services as part of a peace proposal it planned to submit to the African Union (AU).
Billene said, however, that the ceasefire and the issue of essential services were “two separate items,” adding that there needed to be a “secure environment” for federal service providers to work inside Tigray.
“At the moment with a vocally belligerent and illegally armed group operating at its own whim and refusing to accept peace talks, the required enabling and secure environment is lacking,” she said.
The government also slammed the World Health Organization (WHO) chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus for his comments on Wednesday calling the situation in Tigray the “worst disaster on Earth.”
Tedros, who is himself from Tigray, suggested racism may be why the situation ranked behind Ukraine in terms of international attention, despite it being “the worst humanitarian crisis.”
The Ethiopian government has previously accused Tedros of endorsing the TPLF.
Billene said that Tedros was “using the race card and (his) multilateral position to garner the sympathy of the global North for… personal partisan politics,” and called his conduct “unbecoming for a such high-profile position”.
Responding to the ceasefire call, TPLF spokesman Getachew Reda on Wednesday accused the government of “obfuscation” and said its troops were “actively provoking our forces in various fronts.”
The So-called Peace Committee established by the #AbiyAhmed regime is engaged in its usual game of obfuscation to hoodwink the international community while its forces are actively provoking our forces in various fronts. They have openly defied their oft-repeated promise to take
— Getachew K Reda (@reda_getachew) August 17, 2022
Fighting has eased in northern Ethiopia since a truce was declared at the end of March, allowing the resumption of desperately needed international aid convoys to Tigray after a break of three months.
Abiy’s government says any negotiations must be led by the AU’s Horn of Africa envoy Olusegun Obasanjo who is leading the international push for peace, but the rebels want outgoing Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta to mediate.